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Letters of Recommendation

Submission Options

Programs prefer electronic submission of letters of recommendation. Below we describe the various options for your evaluators to submit their recommendations. Please do not submit duplicate recommendations from the same recommender. Submit one letter of recommendation per recommender.

Option A: Use the Rackham Online Recommendation System

Recommenders will complete the recommendation form online and submit it electronically to the graduate program. Applicants must register their recommenders to use this service when filling out the Rackham online application.


Option B: Use the U-M Reference Letter Service (RLS) - For U-M Students & Alumni/ae

Letters of recommendation can be submitted through The Career Center’s Reference Letter Service (RLS). For more information about the service visit The Career Center’s Reference Letter Service page.

Please follow the directions on The Career Center’s website to appropriately complete the Rackham Online Application Letters of Recommendation page. For more information, please contact The Career Center directly at 734/764-7459.


Option C: Use Dossier & Portfolio Service by Interfolio

Applicants collect letters of recommendation through their Dossier & Portfolio Account and electronically submit recommendations directly to the graduate program using the Rackham Graduate School - Recommendations option. Recommenders mail or upload recommendations directly into your Dossier & Portfolio account for you to submit at your convenience.


Option D: Use the Postal Service and Recommendation for Admission Form

The letters of recommendation must be sent directly to the graduate program. Please use the Recommendation for Admission form. Do not send them to Rackham Graduate School Admissions. You will need to provide the recommender with an envelope addressed to your graduate program.

All credentials submitted for admission consideration become the property of the University of Michigan and will not be returned in original or copy form.