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GPA Conversion Announcement

Rackham and the Registrar are pleased to inaugurate a new system for calculating grade point averages (GPA). At the recommendation of Rackham Student Government, which polled students and completed a comparison study of peer institutions, the Executive Board of the Rackham Graduate School has approved changing the system for converting letter grades to GPA for students enrolled in Rackham programs on the Ann Arbor campus, from a 9.0 grade point system to a 4.3 system, with a maximum term and cumulative GPA of 4.0. For students enrolled in Rackham programs on the Flint and Dearborn campuses, a grade of A+ is converted to 4.0. Information about the Dearborn campus grading scale policy is at For information about the Flint campus grading scale policy please visit

Letter grades submitted by instructors will be converted into numbers, or points, as follows:

Number Values for Letter Grades
Letter Grade Number Value
A+ 4.3
A 4.0
A- 3.7
B+ 3.3
B 3.0
B- 2.7
C+ 2.3
C 2.0
C- 1.7
D+ 1.3
D 1.0
D- 0.7

The Registrar will implement this system for Rackham students who are enrolled and active (including those on detached study, leave of absence or on extramural study status) for those students who complete their degrees in August 2013 and after. Grades for all courses completed in prior terms under Rackham registrations will be converted using the new grade point system. Students and faculty need not do anything for this transition. Faculty will continue to submit letter grades, which will continue to appear on transcripts. The change will affect only the grade points assigned to each grade as well as the calculation of the term and cumulative GPAs.

Persons whose degrees have been conferred before August, 2013 will not have their GPA converted to the new system unless they return to pursue a new degree. Students who have withdrawn and are returning to their program, or to a new program, will have their GPA calculated under the new system when they are admitted, readmitted, or reinstated.

In conformity with Rackham Academic policy, students will still need to maintain a cumulative GPA equivalent to B or better. With the new system, this will be a 3.0 GPA.

For further information see the policy section on grading, and for questions, contact Donna Huprich,